As of January 1st, 2015, candidates who qualify under Federal Skilled Trades Program will be selected to apply through the Express Entry System.

Eligibility requirements are:

  • At least 2 years of full-time work experience in an eligible skilled trade in last 5 years;
  • Have a qualifying offer of full-time employment for at least one year from upto two Canadian employers; or
  • Have a certificate of qualification in skilled trade issued b a province or territory; and
  • Meet the minimum language levels in English or French; Canadian Level Benchmark (CLB) 5 for speaking and listening, and CLB 4 for reading and writing.

Eligible occupations

The trade occupations currently eligible for Federal Skilled Trades Program are organized under these major and minor groups of the NOC skill type B:

  • Major Group 72, industrial, electrical and construction trades;
  • Major Group 73, maintenance and equipment operation trades;
  • Major Group 82, supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture, and related production;
  • Major Group 92, processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators;
  • Minor Group 632, chefs and cooks,
  • Minor Group 633, butchers and bakers.


Federal Skilled Worker applications are assessed based on applicant's ability to become economically established upon immigration to Canada. They are persons with suitable education, work experience, age, and language abilities and are selected under Express Entry to apply for Permanent Residence.

To qualify, the applicant must meet the following conditions:

  • Have one year of continuous full time paid work experience or equivalent in part-time continuous employment within previous 10 years in one of the eligible occupations in skill type O or skill levels A or B of the 2011 National Occupational Classification (NOC)
  • Score sufficient points under skilled worker grid comprising of six selection factors, scoring minimum 67 points out of 100
  • Undergo language testing from a recognized third party and demonstrate language skills in English or French corresponding to the Canadian Language Benchmark of 7
  • Possess suitable settlement funding
  • Undergo a successful medical and police examination

The qualified candidates are evaluated against the following six factors to determine the eligibility:

  • Education (25)
  • Language (28)
  • Employment Experience (15)
  • Age 12)
  • Arranged Employment (10)
  • Adaptability (10)

Federal Skilled Worker Program under Express Entry seeks to select candidates with the highest probability of economic success and contribution to Canada.


The federal government allots a selected number of immigrants that come under the Provincial Nominee Program. The is an economic immigration program designed to assist the provinces to meet the labour market and economic development specific to their province. The provincial government assesses and nominates candidates for permanent residence, and CIC makes the final decision on each application and issue permanent resident visas. CIC is responsible for medical and criminal clearances of the applicant.

Eligibility criteria for PNP can be based on Non Express Entry Stream or Express Entry Stream.

To be eligible under Non Express Entry stream, applicant must meet minimum requirement set out by the province. Once nominated, they send paper application to CIO, Nova Scotia.

To be eligible under Express Entry stream, applicant must meet minimum requirement of the province. You must also create an Express Entry profile and show that you meet minimum requirement of Express Entry. Once nominated, applicant applies online for PR, once he receives an Invitation to Apply from CIC.

The provinces participating in PNP:

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Saskatchewan
  • Yukon